For many generations, Vietnamese people always wait for the Hung Temple Festival and the anniversary of ancestor`s death held on the tenth day of the third lunar month annually.
Wherever they are, wherever they go
Vietnamese people all remember the anniversary of our
ancestor’s death on the 10th day of Lunar March”
The festival is organized according to cultural tradition of the whole nation. Every 5 years, the anniversary of ancestor`s death is organized with national rituals.
The festival begins with a palanquin procession performed by three villages of Co Tich, Vi Cuong and Trieu Phu. The procession carries bamboo elephants and wooden horses symbolizing the submission of animals to the Hung kings and the wedding of the Mountain Genie and Princess Ngoc Hoa. Banh chung (square sticky rice cake) and banh giay (round sticky rice cake) are indispensable offerings in the procession in order to honor the merit of the Hung kings who taught people to plant rice and to remind people of Lang Lieu who invented these cakes. Hung Hung
The worship service is held on the 10th day of the third lunar month and commences with a flower ceremony with the participation of state representatives. Held in Thuong Temple, where the Hung kings used to worship deities with full rituals, the ceremony is conducted with the traditional rituals representing the whole nation. During that time, the nha to Do Ngai guild performs singing and dancing to welcome visitors.
The descendants of the Hung kings throughout the country converge on the temple to offer incense. The procession includes the state representatives, one hundred young men and women in traditional costumes symbolizing “children of the Dragon and Fairy” and pilgrims.
The procession marches are followed by a Xoan singing (a kind of folk song of Vinh - Phu Region) in Thuong Temple, ca tru (a kind of classical opera) in Ha Temple and other activities including bamboo swings, nem con (throwing a sacred ball through the ring), cham thau (beating bronze drum), dam duong (pounding rice).
Source: PhuTho Online